Wednesday, September 21, 2011

What is Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD)?


Peptic ulcer   is a common acid –related disease among people especially those with stressful life.  It is important to know about the facts surrounding this disease to prevent from severe conditions of the stomach that could lead to other complications. 

Causes of Peptic Ulcers
Eating spicy food causes  stomach acids which help develop peptic ulcers.
 
Stomach infected with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori.  It is a spiral-shaped bacteria living in the acidic environment of the stomach.

Improper eating habits and stressful lifestyle. Because of so many activities at hand, most people tend to ignore proper eating habits.  Some skip breakfast or an important meal then eat a full when they are already feel the hunger.

Long-term use of certain medicines such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines including mefenamic acid, aspirin, and oral steroids results to further development of 
Peptic ulcers.  These medicines reduces the protection of the stomach lining against the damage of the stomach acid.

Other causes includes cancerous tumors in the stomach and pancreas.

Symptoms of Peptic Ulcers
Abdominal discomfort for several days or weeks
Poor appetite and sudden weight loss
Bloating and nausea
Vomiting

When to consult a Doctor?
Seek immediate consultation if the symptoms includes sharp, sudden, persistent stomach pain, bloody or black stool, and a bloody vomit.  These may cause already a complications such as  perforation, bleeding, or obstruction inside the stomach.  An Endoscopy is one of the major test to determine Peptic ulcers which uses an endoscope instrument, a thin, lighted tube with a tiny camera on the end.  It would help in seeing the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum condition.