Saturday, April 2, 2011

Heart Disease: What is Tachycardia?

Tachycardia (paroxysmal atrial tachycardia) is a cardiovascular disease that refers to any rapid heartbeat faster than 100 beats per minute (bpm).

Tachycardia comes from Greek words “tachys” (rapid) and “kardia”  (heart).  The atria refers to chamber in the heart that receive the blood from the veins and pump blood into the ventricles.  It has a steady and normal rhythm but when tachycardia attack occurs, the rhythm gets three times faster which can be life-threatening to a person.  Difficulty in breathing, sweating, and nausea are also experienced during the attack. 
Knowing what to do and following preventive measures to these attacks are so important. 

Here are some pointers to cope with the attack and lifestyle checks to prevent tachycardia.

Slow down and rest. 
When the attack happens, try to  slow down and rest to calm the nerves of the heart.  Panic makes the heart become more active.  “Rest in fact, is your best mechanism  for stopping an attack” says Dennis Miura, M.D., Ph.D, director of  clinical arrhythmia and electrophysiology science at the Albert Einstein College of Medecine of Yeshiva University.

Avoid too much caffeine intake.
A habit or taking too much of stimulants such as coffee, tea,cola, chocolate, diet pills, and other forms of stimulants can put one at risk with tachycardia.

Keep potassium and magnesium level up.
Potassium minerals found in fruits and vegetables helps control the heart action while magnesium gives relaxation to the heart muscles and be less likely irritable.  Foods that contain magnesium are soybeans, nuts, and brans. 

Avoid too much stress to give stability and control of  autonomic nervous system

The head is closely affecting the heart of a person, what goes into the head rules the heart.  The autonomic nervous system speeds the body and it should be controlled through a proper diet, regular exercise, and a positive attitude.  Set a schedule for relaxation to give the body rest and calmness.  If a person is under stress, the heart is stimulated causing a loss of control in rhythm.
 A general tachycardia can lead to a more serious heart disease which is ventricular tachycardia.  It is when one ventricle beating rapidly and with irregular rhythm.  This attack goes with feeling weak, sweaty, and fainting.

 Read more about  ventricular tachycardia