Monday, July 11, 2011

Musical Instruments: Clarinet, Horn, Piccolo, Celesta


Introduced in 1700, great composers such as Handel and Vivaldi used the Clarinet extensively.  Later, another famous composer Mozart used Clarinet music on his compositions.  The modern Clarinet appeared between 1800 and 1850, it has become an important instrument for all music, classical to jazz genres.

Horn is from wind family first derived from natural animal horns.   One of the most difficult and valuable member of the Orchestra is the French Horn, with a slender tube wound in coils around itself.  Handel's compositions in 17th century also used this instrument and Beethoven especially fond of Horn for his compositions.

Piccolo is a small flute with extremely high range used in orchestras and military bands.  It is being used as early as 18th century when it replaced the flageolet instrument, also called flauto piccolo.

Celesta is an orchestral percussion instrument patented by a Parisian, Auguste Mustel, in 1886.  This instrument tones which resembles a small piano  are produced when hammers operated from the keyboard strike steel plates suspended over wooden resonance boxes.  Tchaikovsky work “The Nutcracker” was noted with the use of Celesta.