Everyday we are confronted by problems. Big or small, personal or work related problems. If you are a leader or hold a supervisory position, problem solving skills is one of the requirements of a good leader. In order to derive on a solution and make decisions, there are series of orderly steps to be taken on this cognitive process.
Solving the problem is a method of organizing the given information
and using that information, along with knowledge you possess, to obtain
the desired outcome or solution.
The problem must be recognized and identified. Some
failed to solve a problem because first and foremost it is not being
recognized as a problem. It should be acknowledged that there is a
problem that needs to be solved. To identify a problem is to isolate
and focus only about it without relating to other problems.
Preliminary analysis and observations must be made.
The problem must be studied with the collection of adequate data. The
problem under study, should be divided into component parts so that each
part maybe studied and explored carefully. Misinformation about the
problem may lead to a wrong solution.
Select possible solutions. It is the process of
eliminating and simplifying data to narrow down into possible solutions.
There can be many possibilities and probabilities, but you can start
with the selection of one to three best choices only. We may draw
choices from observations and past experiences with the same level of
problem. Others may come from suggestions proposed by other people.
Compartmentalized components of each alternative solutions.
Intensive study of solutions is necessary by identifying the advantages
and benefits for each as well as the disadvantages if there is any.
Testing should be done if necessary depending on the nature of the
Formulate the best solution to the problem. After
studying and weighing all the gathered information, formulate the
solution. In some cases, the best solution is considered from the use
of tradition. It is what had been experienced and practiced in the
past, either by itself or from others experiences.
Implementation of the solution. It is the execution
of the solution to the problem. Effective implementation requires
close supervision to fully derived to the correct expected end result.
Evaluation of the problem and the derived solution. In every
solution we make, it is either we are correct or failed to select the
right solution. Revisions should be made or eliminate ineffective
strategies. A leader should be able to dapt adequate methods and
strategies on the next problems in the future.